What is Epifoam (hydrocortisone and pramoxine topical)?
safegenericpharmacy.com – Hydrocortisone is a steroid. It reduces the actions of chemicals in the body that cause inflammation.
Pramoxine is an anesthetic, or “numbing medicine.” It works by interfering with pain signals sent from the nerves to the brain.
Hydrocortisone and pramoxine topical (for the skin) is a combination medicine used to treat itching and discomfort caused by allergic reactions, eczema, minor burns, insect bites, or other skin conditions.
Hydrocortisone and pramoxine rectal (for the rectum) is used to treat itching or swelling caused by hemorrhoids or other inflammatory conditions of the rectum or anus.
Hydrocortisone and pramoxine topical may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
This product contains 2 medications. Pramoxine is an anesthetic that is used on the skin to relieve minor pain, itching, and discomfort. It works by temporarily numbing the area. Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid that reduces redness, swelling, and itching. This combination medication is used to treat certain skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, rash, cuts, scrapes, insect bites, or minor burns. This product is available in different strengths and forms (e.g., aerosol foam, cream, ointment, lotion). The type of medication used depends on the location of your condition and the type of skin problem being treated. Creams are the most frequently used form. Lotions may be better for hairy areas. Ointments may be better for dry areas and when a stronger effect or skin protection is desired. Foams can be easier and less messy to apply.
This medicine is for external use only. Do not take by mouth. Follow directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. Shake the container for 5 to 10 seconds before each use. Gently cleanse the affected area prior to use. While holding the container upright prime the container by pressing down several times on container cap until foam appears. Dispense foam onto a cleansing tissue or pad and gently rub into the affected area. The container and cap should be disassembled and rinsed with warm water after each use. Do not use on healthy skin or over large areas of skin. Do not use an airtight bandage to cover the affected area unless your doctor or health care professional tells you to. Do not get this medicine in your eyes. If you do, rinse out with plenty of cool tap water. Do not use your medicine more often than directed. Do not use for more than 14 days.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 years of age for selected conditions, precautions do apply. If applying this medicine to the diaper area of a child, do not cover with tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants. This may increase the amount of medicine that passes through the skin and increase the risk of serious side effects.
Elderly patients are more likely to have damaged skin through aging, and this may increase side effects. This medicine should only be used for brief periods and infrequently in older patients.
Epifoam foam is a combination topical corticosteroid and local anesthetic. It works by reducing skin inflammation (redness, swelling, itching, and irritation) in a way that is not exactly understood. It also decreases pain in the affected area.
PEDIATRIC PATIENTS MAY DEMONSTRATE GREATER SUSCEPTIBILTY TO TOPICAL CORTICOSTEROID-INDUCED HPA AXIS SUPPRESSION AND CUSHING’S SYNDROME THAN MATURE PATIENTS BECAUSE OF A LARGER SKIN SURFACE AREA TO BODY WEIGHT RATIO.
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing’s syndrome and intracranial hypertension have been reported in pediatric patients receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in pediatric patients include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisone levels and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
Administration of topical corticosteroids to pediatric patients should be limited to the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen. Chronic corticosteroid therapy may interfere with the growth and development of pediatric patients.
Reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious using the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen and reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
Redness, burning, or itching at the application site may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: change in skin appearance (e.g., color, thickness), signs of skin infection (e.g., feeling of heat at the area, tenderness, pus).
Tell your doctor right away if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: signs of serious infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat)
Treat infection if present; discontinue if infection persists or worsens. Do not use near eyes, or on diaper dermatitis or pre-existing skin atrophy. Do not use fluorinated steroids longer than 1 week on the face. Avoid abrupt cessation in chronic use. Systemic absorption increased by broken or inflamed skin, prolonged use, application to large surface area, or use of occlusive dressings. Occlude only if necessary; do not occlude higher potency products. Monitor adrenal function in children if a high potency product or occlusion is used, and in adults if more than 50g weekly of a high potency product is used. Discontinue or reduce dose or potency if HPA axis suppression, Cushing’s syndrome, hyperglycemia, glucosuria, or irritation occurs. Use lowest effective dose and potency (esp. in children). Use caution if applying to face or body folds. Do not use continuously or for prophylaxis. Foams are flammable. Reevaluate periodically. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.
Before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to pramoxine; or to hydrocortisone; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: immune system problems (e.g., low white blood cells), diabetes, infections (especially skin infections), kidney disease, liver disease.
Children may be more sensitive to the effects of too much corticosteroid medication. Consult your doctor for more details.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. It should not be used for a long time or in large amounts. Discuss the risks and.
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