—–What is Finacea?—–
Finacea is a topical gel containing azelaic acid, a naturally occurring acid. Azelaic acid helps the skin to renew itself more quickly and therefore reduces pimple and blackhead formation. It also helps to kill the bacteria that cause acne and rosacea also Finacea is used to treat mild to moderate rosacea (a skin condition marked by red eruptions, usually on the cheeks and nose.)
Finacea may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Finacea is an anti-inflammatory gel for topical use on the skin. It contains the active ingredient azelaic acid, which softens the epidermis, slows down the growth of certain bacteria, and reduces the production of melatonin in the skin. Finacea is a prescription-only medicine.
Azelaic acid topical cream is used to treat mildly to moderately inflamed acne. The topical foam and gel are used to treat mild to moderate rosacea. For acne, it works by killing the bacteria that cause acne and by keeping the skin pores clean.
—–How does Finacea gel work?—–
Finacea gel contains the active ingredient azelaic acid, which is a medicine used to treat acne.
Azelaic acid reduces the growth of the keratin surface skin cells that can block pores. This helps to unblock the pores and sebaceous glands (glands which secrete sebum) and as a result the sebum can escape. This reduces the formation of blackheads (comedones) and spots.
Azelaic acid also kills the bacteria associated with acne, Propionebacterium acnes. This is a common type of bacteria that feeds on sebum produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. It produces waste products and fatty acids that irritate the sebaceous glands, making them inflamed and causing spots
Azelaic acid reduces the numbers of these bacteria by reducing their food source (sebum) and by inhibiting their growth. By controlling bacterial numbers, the inflammation of the sebaceous glands is brought under control, and the skin is allowed to heal.
Finacea gel should be applied to the affected areas twice daily (mornings and evenings) after washing the skin, and massaged gently into the skin.
Regular use is important. In general, an improvement in the acne becomes apparent after about four weeks of using the gel. The manufacturer states that to obtain the best results, Finacea gel should be applied over a period of several months
Finacea gel can also be used to treat acne rosacea (where the skin on the face is unusually red). The exact way that the azelaic acid works in this condition is unclear, but it has been shown to reduce the redness and swelling of this condition. In rosacea, an improvement should become apparent after about four to eight weeks of using the gel. Again, to obtain the best results, the manufacturer states that the gel should be applied over a period of several months.
It is very important that you use this medicine only as directed. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may cause your skin to become irritated.
This medicine is for use only on the skin. Do not get it in your eyes, nose, mouth, or vagina. If it does get on these areas, rinse it off with water and check with your doctor right away.
To help clear up your acne or rosacea completely, it is very important that you keep using this medicine for the full treatment time. Do not miss any doses.
Avoid using alcoholic cleansers, tinctures and astringents, or abrasives and peeling agents with the foam or gel to prevent extra skin irritation.
Avoid eating spicy foods, thermally hot foods and drinks (eg, hot coffee, tea), and alcoholic beverages while you are using the gel.
The foam is flammable. Avoid fire, flame, and smoking when you apply the medicine and right after it is applied.
To use the cream, foam, or gel:
Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine.
Before applying, wash the affected area of your skin with water and a mild soap or a cleansing lotion that does not contain soap. Rinse well and pat dry.
Shake the foam can well before using.
Apply a small amount of the medicine to each affected area and gently rub it in.
You may apply cosmetics after the foam or gel has dried.
Do not bandage or otherwise wrap the skin being treated unless directed to do so by your doctor.
Apply the gel thinly to clean skin. Avoid contact with the eyes and surrounding skin, the mouth and inside of the nose. If used for hyperpigmentation, the gel should only be applied to the affected areas (dark patches). Wash hands thoroughly after applying the gel. Allow the gel to be absorbed into the skin before applying make-up or face cream. It may take a while for the benefits of the gel to appear. In general, Finacea gel is prescribed as a 12-week course. Warning: Finacea can make the skin more sensitive to UV radiation. Use sunscreen with a high SPF to prevent sunburn.
Major Side Effects—-
You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking azelaic acid topical:
- Burning, stinging, or tingling of the skin
- dryness, itching, peeling, or redness of the skin
- Blistering, burning, crusting, dryness, or flaking of the skin
- scaling, severe redness, soreness, or swelling of the skin
Incidence not known:
- Fast heartbeat
- hives, itching, or skin rash
- joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
- large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- swelling of the eyes
- tightness in the chest
- troubled breathing or swallowing
Minor Side Effects
Some of the side effects that can occur with azelaic acid topical may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:
- Change in skin color at treated areas
- Incidence not known:
- Blurred vision
- eye pain
- eye redness
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits for any unwanted effects that may be caused by this medicine.
If your acne does not improve within 4 weeks, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.
If your rosacea does not improve within 12 weeks, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.
Hypopigmentation may occur while you are using this medicine. Check with your doctor right away if your skin color is lighter in the treated areas, especially if you have dark skin.
Check with your doctor right away if you have itching skin, trouble breathing, or large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs after using this medicine.
Check with your doctor right away if you have a skin rash, burning, dryness, redness, peeling, stinging, swelling, or irritation on the skin.
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