Daruvir 600 mg Tablets (Darunavir)
What is darunavir?
Darunavir is a protease (PRO-tee-ayz) inhibitor antiviral medicine that prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from multiplying in your body. Darunavir is used to treat HIV, the virus that can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Darunavir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS. Darunavir may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about darunavir?
You should not take this medication if you have severe liver disease. Serious drug interactions can occur when certain medicines are used together with darunavir. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all medicines you use now, and any medicine you start or stop using.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking darunavir?
You should not take this medication if you are allergic to darunavir or ritonavir (Norvir, Kaletra), or if you have severe liver disease.
Some medicines can cause unwanted or dangerous effects when used with darunavir. Your doctor may need to change your treatment plan if you use any of the following drugs:
alfuzosin; cisapride; colchicine (in people with liver or kidney disease); dronedarone; pimozide; lovastatin or simvastatin; ranolazine; rifampin; sildenafil (Revatio, for pulmonary arterial hypertension); St. John’s wort; triazolam or oral midazolam; or ergot medicines–dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, methylergonovine.
To make sure darunavir is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
• liver disease (especially hepatitis or cirrhosis);
• a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia;
• high cholesterol or triglycerides; or
• if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.
It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. HIV can be passed to your baby if you are not properly treated during pregnancy. Take all of your HIV medicines as directed to control your infection.
If you are pregnant, your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry. This is to track the outcome of the pregnancy and to evaluate any effects of darunavir on the baby.
Darunavir can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using non hormonal birth control (condom, diaphragm with spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking darunavir.
Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast-feed a baby. Even if your baby is born without HIV, the virus may be passed to the baby in your breast milk.
Darunavir and ritonavir should not be given to a child younger than 3 years old, or a child who weighs less than 22 pounds.
How should I take darunavir?
– Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Darunavir must be taken together with another medication called ritonavir. Take the medicines together at the same time every day.
– Take darunavir tablets with a full glass (8 ounces) of water or milk. Swallow the darunavir tablet whole. Do not break or chew.
– Darunavir works best if you take it with food.
– While using darunavir, you may need frequent blood tests.
– Use darunavir regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
– HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor’s advice. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
– Take the missed dose of darunavir and ritonavir as soon as you remember and take your next dose at the regularly scheduled time. Always take darunavir and ritonavir together.
– If you take darunavir once daily and you are more than 12 hours late in taking your medications, skip the missed dose and take the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
– If you take darunavir twice daily and you are more than 6 hours late in taking your medications, skip the missed dose and take the next regularly scheduled dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking darunavir?
If you also take didanosine (Videx), take it 1 hour before or 2 hours after you take darunavir.
Taking darunavir will not prevent you from passing HIV to other people. Do not have unprotected s** or share razors or toothbrushes. Talk with your doctor about safe ways to prevent HIV transmission during s**. Sharing drug or medicine needles is never safe, even for a healthy person.
Common side effects
Numbness, Rash, Drowsiness, Diarrhoea, Altered taste, Fat accumulation, Increased glucose level in blood, Loss of strength, Stomach pain, Tingling sensation, Pain, Tingling sensation of extremity, Vomiting
Expert advice for Daruvir
• Darunavir is not a cure for HIV infection and patients can still pass on HIV when taking this medicine.
• Taking darunavir may cause a skin rash; contact your doctor whenever you develop a rash.
• Caution is to be observed in patients taking raltegravir along with darunavir as it enhances the risk of developing rash by many folds.
• Inform your doctor before taking this drug if you are an elderly patient ? 65 years of age, if you had liver disease including hepatitis B or C or have hemophilia or if you are allergic to sulfa drugs.
• Tell your doctor if you have diabetes as darunavir can increase sugar levels in the blood.
• Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any symptoms of infection (for example enlarged lymph nodes and fever), face changes in body fat like redistribution, accumulation or loss.
Frequently asked questions for Daruvir
Q.Does darunavir cause hair loss?
Darunavir doesn’t seem to have the potential for causing hair loss.