Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)
What is Uses for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)?
Januvia 25 mg is used to control blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
How Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin) works?
Januvia 25 mg belongs to the class of medications called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. This medicine helps to improve the levels of insulin after a meal and decreases the amount of sugar made by the body. It works by increasing the amounts of certain natural substances that lower blood sugar when it is high.
What is sitagliptin (Januvia 25 mg)?
Sitagliptin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. It works by regulating the levels of insulin your body produces after eating. It is for people with type 2 diabetes. Sitagliptin is sometimes used in combination with other diabetes medications but is not for treating type 1 diabetes. It may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about sitagliptin (Januvia 25 mg)?
You should not use this medicine if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking sitagliptin (Januvia 25 mg)?
You should not use sitagliptin if you are allergic to it, or if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
To make sure sitagliptin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
•kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);
•high triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood);
•a history of alcoholism.
This medicine is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Your name may need to be listed on a sitagliptin pregnancy registry when you start using this medicine.
It is not known whether sitagliptin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Sitagliptin is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.
How should I take sitagliptin (Januvia 25 mg)?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
You may take this medicine with or without food. Follow your doctor’s instructions.
Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may need other blood tests at your doctor’s office.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, pale skin, irritability, dizziness, feeling shaky, or trouble concentrating.
Keep a source of sugar with you in case you have low blood sugar. Sugar sources include fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, and non-diet soda. Be sure your family and close friends know how to help you in an emergency. If you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink, use a glucagon injection. Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit and tell you how to use it.
Also watch for signs of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) such as increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, and weight loss.
Check your blood sugar carefully during times of stress, travel, illness, surgery or medical emergency, vigorous exercise, or if you drink alcohol or skip meals. These things can affect your glucose levels and your dose needs may also change. Do not change your medication dose or schedule without your doctor’s advice.
Sitagliptin is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor’s instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
What happens if I miss a dose for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)?
Seek emergency medical attention. You may have signs of low blood sugar, such as extreme weakness, blurred vision, sweating, trouble speaking, tremors, stomach pain, confusion, and seizure (convulsions).
What should I avoid while taking sitagliptin (Januvia 25 mg)?
Follow your doctor’s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
What is Common side effects for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)?
Nausea, Diarrhoea, Acne-like rash, Hormone imbalance, Allergic reaction, Slow growth in children and teenagers, Joint pain, Headache, Loss of appetite, Running nose, Nasal congestion, Sore throat
What is Expert advice for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)?
•Do not start or continue the sitagliptin tablets if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to sitagliptin or any of the other ingredients of sitagliptin.
•Consult your doctor if you experience any of these side effects: stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite, serious allergic reactions like skin rash, fever, swelling and difficulty in breathing.
Doctor’s advice should be considered before taking sitagliptin tablets in case of any following conditions such as:
• Type 1 diabetes.
•Diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic coma.
•Kidney problems or liver problems.
•Severe infection or are dehydrated.
•Heart attack or have severe circulatory problems, such as shock or breathing difficulties.
•High triglycerides level.
•Stones in the gall bladder.
•Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
Frequently asked questions for Januvia 25 mg (Sitagliptin)
Q. Is sitagliptin/ Januvia safe?
Sitagliptin/ Januvia is safe at the prescribed dose by the doctor. Patients should follow the advice of the doctor regarding its use.
Q. Is sitagliptin/ Januvia generic?
Sitagliptin is generic drug; Januvia is a brand name of sitagliptin.
Q. Is sitagliptin better than vildagliptin?
Sitagliptin and vildagliptin belong to the same class of drugs and are equally effective and safe in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Always consult your doctor for an alternative drug of choice that may strictly be required.
Q. Is sitagliptin FDA approved?
Yes. Sitagliptin is FDA approved.
Q. Is sitagliptin a statin/ insulin/ metformin?
No. Sitagliptin belongs to the class of medications called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and is a different drug than statin/insulin/metformin.
Q. Is sitagliptin/Januvia a blood thinner?
Sitagliptin/Januvia is specifically used for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and not a blood thinner. Patients should follow the advice of the doctor regarding its use.
Q. Can I take Januvia with metformin/ insulin/ glipizide/ Victoza/ Lantus/ glyburide/ glimepiride/ Actos / Byetta/ Bydureon?
Sitagliptin can be taken in combination with other antidiabetic drugs when prescribed by the doctor. Always follow the doctor’s advice regarding its use.
Q. Does sitagliptin cause weight loss/ constipation/ joint pain/ itching/ hypoglycemia/ pancreatitis/ cancer/ dry mouth?
Sitagliptin may cause weight loss, constipation, itching, hypoglycemia, joint pain, and pancreatitis. It does not cause cancer or dry mouth. However, consult your doctor if you experience any of these side effects.
Q. Does Januvia make you sleepy?
No. Januvia does not make you sleepy. Patients should follow the advice of the doctor regarding its use.
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