Few diseases elicit as many emotions as breast cancer. We all know someone who has dealt with it; we all fear it and feel powerless over it. But despite some contributive factors like case history, toxins in the environment and too many unknowns about what else might cause it to develop, there are some things that can be controlled.
Want to gain some extra information about your risks? Here are some myths and truths that can help you manage the information at hand.
1. Truth: Extra pounds are a risk factor.
Not only does obesity increases your chances of getting breast cancer in the first place, it worsens the outcome in women who have already been diagnosed, according to studies. What’s the connection? Fat cells make more estrogen, which can make hormone-receptor-positive breast cancers develop and grow.
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2. Myth: You’re only at risk if breast cancer runs in your family.
While there’s a genetic element, the fact is that the vast majority of women with breast cancer have no family history. In fact, only 5 percent to 10 percent of all breast cancers are hereditary, due to mutations in genes associated with the disease. The mutations seem additional unremarkably among bound geographic or ethnic groups: folks of Ashkenazi person descent and folks of Norwegian, Icelandic or Dutch ancestry.
3. Truth: Exercise can help decrease your risk.
What’s more, in the long run, it keeps you healthy if you have already been diagnosed, reducing your risk ofrecurrence. Exercising four or additional hours every week might play a hand in decreasing levels of circulatinghormones, like estrogen, that may contribute to some breast cancers. The impact of exercise on carcinoma could also be greatest among biological time girls World Health Organization area unit of traditional or low weight. And by helping you maintain a healthy weight, exercise helps with another risk factor-obesity (see item 1).
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4. Truth: Dense breasts increase your risk.
There are two things at play here. Since both dense breast tissue and tumors appear white on mammograms, it’s harder to detect breast cancers in women with dense breasts. What’s more, high density is also linked with an increase in tumors.
5. Myth: Dense breasts increase a woman’s chance of dying from the disease.
While having dense breast tissue is a known factor in increasing your risk, it does not increase your odds of death if you do develop the disease, compared to other breast cancer patients, according to a new study.
6. Truth: Drinking and smoking both contribute to the risk of breast cancer.
Having two drinks a day increases your risk by 21 percent, according to studies. And in one study, smokers had a 16 percent higher risk than subjects who never smoked.
7. Myth: Breast self-exams are the best way to catch early breast cancer.
Neither breast self-exams nor clinical breast exams have been found to decrease the risk of dying from breast cancer, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). They may be utilized in conjunction with mammograms to assist catch carcinoma early, however self-exams should not be your solely screening tool.