ADHD is a behavioral disorder, diagnosed both in children and adults. Feature of ADHD in children is a disorder of situational adaptation, characterized by hypersensitivity, impulsivity and violation of attention in various situations.
ADHD symptoms in adults are identical to ADHD symptoms in children. However unlike children, adults are able to adapt to ADHD. So, this neurological disorder does not affect the social activity of adults as negative as the social activity of children.
To treat ADHD non-stimulant ADHD meds and meds, stimulating central nervous system (CNS) can be prescribed to children and adults. Given that ADHD in adults is very often associated with other neurological disorders (for example, insomnia), adults can be prescribed ADHD meds in combination with other meds.
List of ADHD meds
ADHD meds for adults and children square measure made by many pharmaceutical firms. So, at regional pharmaceutical markets they will maintain sale beneath dozens of various trade names. It ought to be noted that MBD meds for adults and MBD meds for youths could contain a similar pharmaceutical ingredient, the only differences between them are dosage form and price.
For example, a new ADHD medication Quillivant, containing an active substance Methylphenidate went on sale in 2012. Indication for the utilization of oral suspension Quillivant is MBD treatment in youngsters from six up to twelve years. Although, oral answer Methylin that additionally contains Ritalin is oversubscribed at pharmacies for over ten years and is prescribed for MBD treatment not solely in youngsters over six years but also adults.
Oral MBD meds, containing Methylphenidate (tablets, capsules) are also available for sale under trade names: Metadate, Concerta, Equasym and Ritalin. Noteworthy that Methylphenidate is one of the few ADHD meds for children and adolescents, which is available in transdermal patches and chewing tablets (Daytrana patch and Daytrana pills).
Hypersensitivity to pharmaceutical substance Ritalin is diagnosed in adults and youngsters. So, they can be prescribed other ADHD meds. Lisdexamfetamine can be prescribed as an alternative to one of the most prescribed ADHD medicine Methylphenidate.
Like Methylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine is a CNS stimulant. Therapeutic efficiency of these ADHD meds is almost identical. However, in contrast to to Ritalin that is on the market in numerous indefinite quantity forms, Lisdexamfetamine is produced only in capsules for oral administration.
Lack of alternative dosage forms of Lisdexamfetamine significantly limits its use in pediatric patients. After all, if a toddler refuses victimization usual oral MBD meds, oldsters ought to consult with the doctor the chance of replacement oral tablets and capsules for change of state pills, solution, suspension or transdermal patch.
If a child or adult experiences nervousness, insomnia or other side effects from CNS when using CNS stimulants for ADHD treatment, the taken meds can be replaced by non-stimulant ADHD meds. The most modern non-stimulant medicine for ADHD treatment is Atomoxetine. This medicine is available for sale for over 10 years under trade name Strattera.
Advantage of Atomoxetine over CNS stimulants is that the risk of headache and insomnia is almost absent after its oral use. However, like in the CNS stimulants, side effect of non-stimulant ADHD meds can be a decreased appetite. So, they should not be used in children, adolescents and adults with anorexia.
Regardless of patient’s age, it is necessary to assess the functions of cardiovascular system before to start using ADHD meds. If cardiovascular side effects (tachycardia, increased blood pressure) occur in the period of using ADHD meds, one should stop ADHD treatment and consult a health care professional.