Do you Know??? about Bacterial infections

Bacterial infections term is employed for diseases, caused by microorganisms – microorganism. Various microorganisms, like bacteria, can be both harmful and useful for the human body. Bacterial infections arise if a microorganism population greatly will increase, poisoning the body with toxins.

There is a huge and diversified list of bacterial infections. These microorganisms are among the most numerous and ancient living creatures in the world. Bacteria are everywhere: in the air, water, soil, etc.

Causes of bacterial infections

Pathogenic bacteria provoke infections. In fact, the pathogenic bacteria can become the bacteria from the natural microflora of a people. This situation is typical for a weak immune system of the body.

Generally, bacterial infections arise when harmful microorganisms get from the environment into the human body. The vary of access routes for bacterium includes nose, mouth, dirty food and water, skin lesions, a contact with sufferer and dirty surfaces.

Bacteria can penetrate to different systems and organs of the human body. The vital activity of bacteria causes toxins in the human body, which is the main cause of bacterial infections. Microorganisms produce toxins affecting the human body and causing various symptoms of diseases.

Symptoms of bacterial infections

There is a long list of bacterial infections. The symptoms of a disease depend on the general state of a patient and on the location of bacteria multiplication. The common symptoms of bacterial infections are – high body temperature, headache and muscle pain, cough, chills, slackness, loss of appetite, dyspnea and rapid breathing.

Intestinal bacterial infections may cause diarrhea, stomachache, nausea and vomiting. Such form of microorganism infections is usually seen in youngsters and adults, who consume dirty food or water. If not to cure these infections, they can cause dehydration, weak immune system and other diseases.

Some varieties of bacterium live and multiply not within, however outside the body. In this case, the symptoms of a disease can be seen with the naked eye. The symptoms of bacterial infections are usually observed on the face, eyes, nails and various areas of the skin.

Treatment of bacterial infections

Depending on the type and severity of symptoms, doctor chooses the proper treatment of bacterial infections. The main principles of a safe treatment of bacterial infections are – elimination of disease causes (bacteria), removal of toxins from the body and a symptomatic treatment.

To destroy bacteria, antibiotics are mostly used. The mechanism of action of antibiotics is aimed at destruction, inhibition of growth or multiplication of bacteria.

Antibacterial medication will fight against the foremost severe microorganism infections effectively and quickly. For some people, antibiotics are contraindicated. For instance, pregnant girls full of microorganism infections must not ever use antibiotics.

Prevention of bacterial infections

Prophylaxis is one of the best ways to prevent diseases, including those that are caused by bacteria. Common methods of prevention methods of bacterial infections involve vaccination, compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms.

Bacterial vaccines (immunization) contain dead or weak microorganisms that activate the human immune system. The antibodies area unit solely effective against bound form of microorganism and may stop the microorganism infections within the future.

Children younger than 2 months are at great risk of bacterial infections. Actually, some severe diseases can be prevented using the routine immunization in childhood. If a certain type of bacterial infection is diagnosed in a great number of people, the vaccination is carried out at any age.

The consequences of bacterial infections can be serious; therefore, it is very important to diagnose and start the treatment of a disease as soon as possible. Despite the fact that bacteria have a unique ability to adapt, the treatment of diseases it caused was and still is very effective.