Despite the fact that today the number of effective hormonal contraceptives is large, many women prefer non hormonal birth control methods.
Current non hormonal birth control methods include:
- natural methods
- intrauterine devices
- surgical sterilization
- barrier and spermicidal
Natural strategies of birth control area unit strategies of contraception while not the utilization of secretion pills, surgery, spermicides, condoms, cervical caps.
These methods are based on the physiological characteristics of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. These embody the tactic of interrupted sexual issues, periodic abstinence and lactational amenorrhea method.
The main downside of those non secretion contraception strategies is that the incontrovertible fact that they’re effective solely in regular cycle. Uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of those strategies makes couples worry every time, when waiting for the onset of the cycle.
When used properly, the efficacy of this contraception method varies between 75-90%.
Intrauterine device (IUD) is one amongst the foremost effective, simple and easy to use non hormonal birth control methods.
IUD is usually recommended for girls, who are sensitive to hormonal birth control or are unwilling to take any additional contraceptive measures every time after a sexual intercourse.
The global pharmaceutical market offers an oversized birth control device range of the many shapes and sizes. The yank girls have the chance to shop for a copper birth control device beneath the brand ParaGard.
Despite the fact that the IUD has a high efficiency (about 98%), this type of non hormonal birth control should not be used in infections, sexually transmitted diseases.
Typically, birth control device is well tolerated by patients, but such side effects, as heavy menstruation, and abdominal pain may manifest in some women.
The most reliable non secretion contraception technique is surgical sterilization.
Female sterilization is a surgical procedure, during which the litigation or intersection is made on the lumen of the fallopian tubes. Male sterilization lies in the blockade of vas deferens.
Sterilization doesn’t lead to secretion or physical changes. However, the great disadvantage of this non hormonal birth control method is its irreversible fertility loss.
In addition, sterilization of girls implies a risk of complications, associated with surgery and anesthesia, while in men the risk of prostate cancer may increase.
This technique of birth control is permanent, thus before deciding to require this step, both men and women should assess its benefits and potential risks.
The barrier technique of birth control is one amongst the foremost well-liked among men and ladies of all ages. Its principle of action is to dam the penetration of spermatozoon into the female internal reproductive organ. Concurrent use of barrier technique with spermicides contributes to the most effective potential barrier technique protection.
This non secretion contraception technique includes male and feminine condoms, diaphragms/ cervical caps and preventative foam, sponges, and film. Spermicides area unit substances that destroy the spermatozoon, therefore enhancing the effectiveness of the barrier technique of birth control.
Experts suggest the joint use diaphragms/ cervical caps with spermicides for reaching the best potency in physiological condition interference.
The main disadvantage of the diaphragm and therefore the cervical caps is that they may cause tract infections and inflammatory processes within the places of their contact with the epithelial duct walls.
The condom is the only barrier contraceptive, which is used by men. Its advantage is that it protects against sexual infections and HIV and is easy to use.
According to statistics, the effectiveness of the male condom is 15 pregnancies per 100 women. Unlike different non secretion contraception strategies, the barrier method is used immediately before the sexual intercourse.
Age, presence of labor, regularity of sexual life and peculiarities of the feminine and male organisms ought to be taken into consideration, once selecting a non secretion contraception technique.