Fibroids: Symptoms and Treatment

Fibroids are noncancerous uterine tumors that occur in most women by the time they reach menopause. Fibroids don’t always cause symptoms; however, an estimated 20 to 25 percent of women with fibroids will experience symptoms.

Symptoms

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding (so heavy, it may lead to anemia). This is the most common symptom.
  • A mass in the pelvis that may make you appear pregnant
  • Pressure in the pelvic area caused by the enlarged uterus
  • Frequent urination
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty emptying bladder
  • Constipation
  • Rectal pressure
  • Pelvic pain
  • Infertility (with fibroids that bulge into the uterine cavity)

Treatment Considerations

Treating fibroids is optional. In almost all cases, fibroids only need to be treated if they cause symptoms that are so bothersome that they interfere with your quality of life. Treatments include:

Medical Options:

GnRH medications. GnRH antagonists like leuprolide (Lupron) work by preventing estrogen from affecting cells. Studies realize this medication will scale back serious injury related to fibroids and shrink fibroids the maximum amount as fifty %. However, as a result of this medication block the results of steroids on all cells, they’ll solely be used for a brief time, typically in women already close to menopause. Once you stop using them, the fibroids grow again. These medications are most frequently wont to shrink fibroids before a surgical operation, to not treat the fibroid itself.

Surgical Options:

In addition to hysterectomy, the most commonly performed surgical procedure for fibroids, other options include:

  1. Uterine artery embolization (UAE), also called uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). This procedure blocks the blood offer to the arteries that feed the fibroids. Without an adequate blood supply, the fibroids shrink. Studies notice that UAE shrinks fibroids concerning forty p.c and improves difficult symptoms like significant hemorrhage and girdle pressure in ninety p.c of ladies undergoing the procedure. While a lot of analysis is critical, girls United Nations agency get pregnant once UAE tends to try to well and deliver healthy babies, however, they will have associate degree enlarged risk of female internal reproductive organ rupture and often elect to have cesarean sections.
  2. Myolysis. In this procedure, the neoplasm is destroyed by the exploitation of optical maser, radiofrequency energy, or cooling. It is typically performed employing a endoscope through a little incision in your abdomen, though typically via a endoscopy (through the vagina). Myolysis typically cannot be performed on a lady WHO contains a terribly massive female internal reproductive organ, and you mustn’t attempt to get pregnant once the procedure as a result of the female internal reproductive organ might rupture.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS). A noninvasive method uses an MRI to precisely target ultrasound energy, which is sent through the abdomen and focused on the fibroid. The sound waves increase the temperature of the fibroid tissue to destroy the tissue and shrink the fibroid. This procedure is not an option if you plan to get pregnant in the future.
  4. Endometrial ablation. This minimally invasive treatment is performed on an outpatient basis or in a doctor’s office with a local anesthetic. Although not indicated for the treatment of fibroids, it uses electrical energy, radiofrequency, microwaves, hot water, or cold to destroy the lining of the uterus. However, studies notice concerning twenty % of ladies opt to have a cutting out at intervals 5 years of Associate in Nursing ablation, additional as time goes on, as a result of the fibroids and symptoms come. A mucous membrane ablation procedure doesn’t treat the fibroids however reduces or eliminates serious periods by destroying the mucous membrane lining. This procedure isn’t indicated for ladies who are suffering from “bulk” symptoms, like urinary frequency, constipation, or girdle pain.
  5. Myomectomy. This procedure surgically removes simply the fibroids, effort the female internal reproductive organ, and is that the second most typical treatment for fibroids when cutting out. It’s a smart possibility for ladies United Nations agency still wish to be ready to have kids, though studies notice concerning twenty-seven p.c of fibroids recur by ten years when treatment. Complications embody infection, blood loss requiring a transfusion and operative adhesions (which might need extra surgery). This procedure can be performed with general anesthesia or localized anesthesia and can take weeks for recovery. Although studies notice that new fibroids might seem among 5 years, few girls need extra surgery.