Experts suggest that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects an estimated 8 percent of school-aged children, and about two-thirds of children diagnosed with ADHD continue to show signs of the disorder into adulthood.
ADHD interferes along with your ability to manage motor activity (hyperactivity), command key behaviors (impulsivity) and concentrate on tasks (inattention). When the upset isn’t gift, the condition is usually known as attention deficit disorder (ADD), although the more accurate term is ADHD-inattentive type.
By current estimates, more than two times as many boys as girls are affected by ADHD, but the ratio appears to become more even by adulthood.
Overall, ladies and women might exhibit fewer of the standard symptoms related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in boys. For example, women with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder square measure additional doubtless to be reserved than active. They tend to be less defiant and more compliant than boys and men with the condition. Like boys and men with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, however, ladies with the condition might have issue finishing tasks and remaining organized. Instead of being tested for ADHD, they’re often dismissed as flighty or spacey.
Thus, because girls are less likely to disrupt class—the kind of behavior that often brings boys with the condition to medical professionals’ attention—girls are less likely to get diagnosed with ADHD. Consequently, many girls and women do not get the help they need. Often, girls’ vanity suffers as they encounter educational issues in class. They may have difficulty with interpersonal relationships as well as social challenges.
These secondary difficulties might end in depression, anxiety disorders, problems sleeping, self-harmful (cutting) behaviors and/or abuse of alcohol or other substances. Furthermore, girls with ADHD are at greater risk for early pregnancy, promiscuity and sexually transmitted diseases. A recent study following women for ten years showed considerably higher risk for suicide tries and self-injury compared to a comparison cluster.
Once diagnosed, many women recall painful or difficult childhood experiences in school that were likely to have been linked to ADHD but attributed at the time to other causes, such as laziness or lack of ability. This misattribution will itself result in vital harm to vanity and assurance, leading to demoralization.
Causes of ADHD
Although nobody is aware of as expected what causes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the condition does run in families, suggesting a strong genetic component. Children who have a parent with ADHD are at an increased risk for ADHD themselves. And twin and adoption studies ensure a high degree of genetic reference to this condition. For identical twins, there is a strong chance the other twin has it. Again, this “family resemblance” appears strongly related to genes rather than social factors. Many researchers around the world are now investigating various genes that may contribute to the development of ADHD in families. It is unlikely one sequence is accountable, but undoubtedly many genes, operating interactively with one another and with environmental risks.
A smaller percentage of cases of ADHD are due to environmental or nongenetic biological risk factors, including premature birth, low birth weight; prenatal use of alcohol, tobacco and/or cocaine; and exposure to lead, which can alter brain development in the fetus. Infections and complications during pregnancy can also increase the chances that a baby will eventually develop ADHD in childhood. Additionally, some postnatal problems, such as chronic low levels of lead, recurrent ear infections or severe head trauma, can result in ADHD.
For years, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder was thought to be a turbulent behavior disorder that almost all specialists intuitively believed concerned some brain abnormality. With the development of more sophisticated brain scanning techniques, it is now known that people with ADHD do have anatomical differences in their brains, as well as differences in the biochemical balance that controls everything from mood to impulses.
Brain imaging studies show differences in ADHD brains in several areas:
- differences in dopamine receptors in specific areas of the brain
- differences in total brain volume and brain volume of specific areas of the brain
- differences in the brain networks that are used to solve specific tasks
- differences in the rate of maturation of frontal/prefrontal areas of the brain
Children with ADHD show a pattern of delayed maturation of certain regions of the brain compared to their peers without the disorder. These regions of delayed development square measure attached dominant motor behavior, impulse control and attention levels. The conclusion is that slower brain development could be a characteristic of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder brains and will justify the delay in development of emotion/impulse management and structure skills.
Another biological element of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder needs to do with levels of sure neurotransmitters within the brain. Adults with ADHD who have never received any medication have lower amounts of receptors for the neurotransmitter dopamine in key subcortical regions linked to motivation and reward than do adults without the disorder. In fact, stimulant medications employed in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder facilitate balance levels of monoamine neurotransmitter, rising symptoms of basic cognitive process, upset and impulsivity.
ADHD is not caused by many environmental triggers commonly believed to be associated with the disorder, such as too much TV, food allergies, eating too much sugar, problematic home life, poor teaching or schools or permissive parenting. Still, it is essential to realize that the home environment and the school setting are extremely important in managing ADHD—and that ineffective parenting and educational settings can exacerbate the symptoms and lead to additional impairments.
Attention deficit disorder disorder (ADHD) is that the most current chronic biology disorder in youngsters. Once thought to affect only children, it is now recognized as a disorder that most often continues into adulthood and presents unique issues for girls and women.
Common symptoms of ADHD can include:
- failing to give close attention to details or making careless mistakes
- difficulty sustaining attention to tasks
- appearing not to listen when spoken to directly
- failing to follow instructions carefully and completely
- losing or forgetting important things
- feeling restless or fidgeting
- talking excessively or blurting out answers before hearing the whole question
ADHD could be a serious diagnosing which will have an incredible negative impact on your life, work and family. It may require long-term treatment with counseling and medication, so it’s important that a health care professional carefully evaluate all symptoms to rule out other conditions that could cause similar symptoms or behaviors.
For instance, stress can cause symptoms similar to those seen in ADHD, such as forgetfulness or feeling overwhelmed and disorganized. However, reactions to fret square measure typically temporary, subside when the stressful events pass, and are not present in a chronic fashion since childhood. Symptoms caused by ADHD are persistent, chronic and unchanging since childhood or early adolescence.
The diagnosing itself, however, must be approached very carefully and shouldn’t be done during a time-limited office visit with a pediatrician or other medical doctor. Improper treatment from misdiagnosis or failure to get treatment thanks to a lost minimal brain damage diagnosing will each have vital, long-term consequences.
To reach an ADHD diagnosis in children, health care professionals use diagnostic criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV-TR) and consider information from other sources. For example, interviews with the patient, the patient’s family and, in the case of children, information provided by caregivers and teachers who see the child regularly can provide a picture of the patient’s behavior and learning styles.
Diagnosing and treating adults is challenging. The diagnostic criteria, with their emphasis on school behavior and performance, are designed to make the diagnosis in children, not adults. Hyperactivity, for instance, tends to diminish by adulthood, although other symptoms, such as inattention, may appear worse because of mounting adult responsibilities.
The following informal checklist further describes behaviors in adults that may be the result of ADHD. An individual having chronic problems since childhood with many of these symptoms may require further evaluation:
- I am constantly trying to get organized, but can never seem to get or stay there.
- I often feel that I talk too much or impulsively blurt things out.
- I often feel overwhelmed.
- I make impulsive purchases and decisions.
- I frequently misplace personal items.
- I start one thing but never finish it because I am distracted by something else.
- I am frequently late.
- I am a procrastinator.
- I often make careless errors and oversights during the day.
- I often pay bills late and have difficulty managing my money.
There square measure 3 primary subtypes of ADHD: preponderantly hyperactive-impulsive, preponderantly inattentive and combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive. The DSM-IV lists these other signs of ADHD, many of which apply to children in the classroom:
Those who are inattentive find it difficult to keep their minds on any one thing and may get bored with a task after only a few minutes. They may, however, give effortless, automatic attention to activities and things that are highly engaging, like video games. But they may have difficulty with deliberate focus, conscious attention on organizing and completing tasks, responses to repetitive materials or mastery of challenging information.
- Hyperactivity:those that ar active continuously appear to be in motion and have bother sitting still. They squirm in their seats or roam around the room. Or they might wiggle their feet, touch everything or noisily tap their pencils. They may be fretful or attempt to do many things quickly, bouncing around from one activity to the next. They report an internal sense of restlessness and the need to continually move around.
- Impulsivity: those that ar too impulsive appear unable to curb or weigh their immediate reactions, thoughts and behaviors before acting. As a result, they may blurt out inappropriate comments or physically attempt something without thinking it through. This could apply to taking tests in school as well as participating in potentially dangerous behaviors. Their impulsivity also makes it hard for them to wait for things they want. This leads to poor frustration tolerance and temper outbursts.
Not everybody WHO is too active, inattentive or impulsive has an attention disorder. Nor does everyone with ADHD exhibit all behaviors associated with the disorder. It’s important to appreciate that in sure stages of development, it may be normal for childre
For example, preschoolers typically have lots of energy and run everywhere they go, but that doesn’t mean they are hyperactive. And many teenagers undergo a part once they ar mussy, disorganized and reject authority. This part does not essentially persist as a womb-to-tomb downside paying attention, organization and/or impulse control.
Because everybody exhibits a number of these behaviors sometimes, the DSM-IV contains very specific guidelines for determining when the behaviors indicate ADHD. Specific symptoms must appear early in life, before age seven, and continue for at least six months. In children, they must be much more frequent or severe than in others the same age. Above all, the behaviors should produce a true handicap in a minimum of 2 areas of a human life, such as school, home, work or social settings. However, it’s important to know that the inattentive type of ADHD may not be diagnosed until age nine or 10, the age when symptoms of inattention become noticeable and problematic because school demands have increased.
So if your behavior or your child’s doesn’t impair work, friendships or other relationships, you probably won’t be diagnosed with ADHD. Nor would a child who seems overly active at school but who functions well elsewhere.
Health care professionals also consider the following questions during an assessment for ADHD:
- Are these behaviors excessive, long-term and pervasive? That is, do they occur more often in you or your child than in others the same age?
- Are they a continuous problem rather than a response to a temporary situation?
- Do the behaviors occur in several settings or only in one specific place?
The health care professional pieces together a profile of behaviors, based on all available information, and then considers:
- Which ADHD-like behavior patterns listed in the DSM-IV are apparent?
- How often and in what situations?
- How long have they been going on?
- How old was the child/adult when the problem(s) started?
- Are the behaviors seriously interfering with school, friendships, activities or home life?
- Are there any other related problems?
- Is there a parent with ADHD symptoms?
The answers to these questions help identify whether the hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention are significant and long-standing. If so, a diagnosis of ADHD may be made.
Other conditions may occur with ADHD, making it more difficult to arrive at a clear diagnosis. Women and girls with ADHD, for example, are more prone to depression than men and boys with ADHD. A serious however treatable mental disturbance, depression can disrupt all areas of your life, including mood, sleep, appetite, relationships, and the ability to think clearly. If you think you’re suffering from depression, it’s critical that you get a diagnosis and proper treatment. Left untreated, depression can be life-threatening, given the risk of suicide that accompanies the disorder.
Anxiety is another common condition seen in those with ADHD. Some children with ADHD, for example, feel tremendous worry, tension or uneasiness, even when there’s nothing to fear. Because the sentiments ar scarier, stronger and more frequent than normal fears, they can affect the child’s thinking and behavior.
Children with ADHD also are a lot of doubtless to own accomplishment issues than kids while not the disorder, even if they don’t have a full-blown learning disability. ADHD is not in itself a learning disability but learning disabilities commonly occur with ADHD. But because it can interfere with concentration and attention, it can make it doubly hard for a child to do well in school, creating lifelong frustrations.
A very small number of people with ADHD have a rare disorder called Tourette syndrome. People with Tourette syndrome have tics and other involuntary movements like eye blinks or facial twitches they can’t control. Some might grimace, shrug, sniff or bark out words. Fortunately, these behaviors can be controlled with medication.
The effects of ADHD extend far beyond the classroom, often wreaking havoc on everything from educational budgets to sibling relationships. In 2005, the CDC reported that the educational cost of ADHD was about $36 billion to $52 billion annually. Children with ADHD use a lot of mental state services, have more frequent emergency department visits and have higher rates of pedestrian, bicycle and driving accidents than children without ADHD. All of that places extreme stress on their folks.
It doesn’t matter if the child with ADHD is male or female; parenting either is equally stressful. Overall, mothers of children with ADHD report significantly higher levels of parenting stress than mothers of children with other chronic disorders, and they’re more likely to become depressed.
Parents of kids with ADHD also are a lot of doubtless to expertise increased absence and decline in productivity within the hands than folks of kids while not the disorder. The annual cost to the economy in terms of lack of productivity, unemployment and related issues linked to ADHD is measurable in many billions of dollars. Of course, ADHD also places tremendous strain on relationships and places marriages at higher risk for divorce. Learning how to manage children with ADHD effectively and consistently is a major component of most treatment plans.
Some research looks at the concept of executive function (EF). This involves the ability to organize, sequence a task, shift from task to task, prioritize, plan and anticipate, and hold information in your memory as you consider multiple factors when making a decision. Some researchers consider executive dysfunction inherent to ADHD, while others consider it a separate category as defined by neuropsychological test results. Children and adults with hyperkinetic syndrome|minimal brain damage|MBD|syndrome} and EF deficits show a lot of educational and life impairments that those with ADHD while not EF dysfunction. ADHD medication, although helpful for ADHD symptoms, has much less beneficial effect on EF symptoms. Skills-based therapies are more useful in these cases.
Getting a Diagnosis
Several types of health care professionals are qualified to diagnose and treat ADHD.
- Child psychiatrists are physicians who specialize in diagnosing and treating childhood mental and behavioral disorders. A psychiatrist can provide therapy and prescribe any necessary medications.
- Child psychologists also are qualified to diagnose and treat ADHD. They can offer medical care for the kid and facilitate the family develop ways in which to manage the disorder. But psychologists are not medical doctors and must rely on physicians for medical exams and prescriptions.
- Neurologists, physicians who work with disorders of the brain and nervous system, can also diagnose ADHD and prescribe medicines. They will doubtless be committed any brain imaging tests. But not like psychiatrists and psychologists, neurologists usually do not provide therapy for the emotional/organizational aspects of the disorder.
- Family physicians receive training to provide continuing and comprehensive medical care, health maintenance and preventive services to patients of all ages. When it comes to ADHD, they can diagnose the condition, prescribe medications and, in some cases, provide counseling.
- Pediatricians are physicians who have specialized training in treating children’s illnesses. Like family practitioners, pediatricians may or may not have specialty training in or experience with ADHD. Because ADHD is most rife in kids, it is likely that a pediatrician will have experience in the ADHD screening process and can help rule out (or identify) medical conditions the same as behavior or learning patterns of ADHD. Pediatricians can also provide referrals to local ADHD specialists.
- Developmental and behavioral pediatricians specialize in behavior and development in children. Serving as a liaison with primary care physicians and other medical specialists, developmental and behavioral pediatricians serve as key members of a multidisciplinary team. They provide comprehensive organic process, medical and activity assessments; education for folks and professionals relating to numerous medical/developmental diagnoses; and medical management of ADHD and alternative neurobehavioral disorders.
- Psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists and primary care physicians may also diagnose and treat ADHD in adults. But not all health care professionals are trained and skilled in identifying or treating ADHD in adults.
Developmental and behavioral pediatricians specialize in behavior and development in children. Serving as a liaison with primary care physicians and other medical specialists, developmental and behavioral pediatricians serve as key members of a multidisciplinary team. They provide comprehensive organic process, medical and activity assessments; education for folks and professionals relating to numerous medical/developmental diagnoses; and medical management of ADHD and alternative neurobehavioral disorders.
An effective treatment plan will help you cope with ADHD, whether you or your child is the one with the diagnosis. For adults, the treatment plan may include medication along with practical and emotional support. For children and adolescents, it may include providing an appropriate classroom setting and accommodations, as well as medication and helping parents understand and manage the child’s behavior.
Treatment for ADHD may involve medication, behavioral/psychological counseling, educational/workplace interventions or a combination.
Three medications in the class of medications known as psychostimulants, or stimulants, seem to be the most effective in treating ADHD in both children and adults. These are:
- Methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Methylin, Daytrana). Methylphenidate is available in brand name and generic tablets,capsules and liquid. Daytrana is a methylphenidate transdermal patch approved for treating ADHD in children aged six to 12.
- Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin, Focalin XR)
- Dextroamphetamine-amphetamine mix (Adderall, Adderall XR).
- Dextroamphetamine(Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Concentra).
- Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
Stimulant medications, when used with medical supervision, are usually considered safe. Stimulants seldom make children with ADHD “high” when taken as prescribed. Because these medications are stimulants, there is no sedating effect. However, restlessness and fidgetiness may decline leaving the person feeling “calmer.” Ultimately, the stimulants help children control their hyperactivity, inattention and other ADHD-related behaviors.
Stimulant drugs are available in both short-, medium- and long-acting forms. The short-acting forms last for about four hours, medium-acting forms for about 6 hours and long-acting forms last 8 to 14 hours.
Stimulants do carry the risk of abuse and addiction. However, abuse and dependence with ADHD stimulant medication are more likely with short-acting forms. To reduce chances of substance abuse, make sure you or your child is getting the right dose of stimulant medication at the needed time of the day. Do not put your child or adolescent in charge of his or her own medication. Keep medication locked in a childproof container at home. If a school time dose is needed, don’t send supplies of medication to school with your child; instead, deliver medication to the school nurse or health office yourself.
Although sudden deaths have occurred in children on stimulant medications, a recent extensive review of sudden death in children and adolescents on stimulant medication concluded that stimulant medication poses no increased risk for sudden death, cardiac arrest or stroke compared to children and adolescents not on these medication. Always review medication packaging information, and talk to your health care professional about this potential risk. Heart screening questions to assess any risk should be asked before starting any ADHD medication.
Additionally, stimulant medications have been associated with a slightly reduced growth rate in some children, although the extent of this appears to be a half inch on average.
Other potential side effects, such as weight loss, problems sleeping and tics, should be carefully weighed against the benefits before prescribing the medications. Preexisting tics may or may not worsen with stimulant medication. Most side effects can often be handled by reducing the dosage.
Atomoxetine (Strattera). The first non-stimulant medication approved to treat ADHD, Strattera is classified as a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. It works by blocking norepinephrine in the brain, thus leading to greater amounts in the synapse when the medication is used. Overall, Strattera has been shown to lead to significant improvements in individuals with ADHD, but the benefit may be less substantial than stimulants.
Strattera has been linked to rare side effects that include liver problems as well as the increased risk of suicide, according to the FDA. Call your health care professional right away if you or your child experiences yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), unexplained flu-like symptoms or dark-colored urine, or if you or your child has thoughts of suicide or a sudden change in mood or behavior, especially at the beginning of treatment or after a change in dose.
Strattera is not classified as a controlled substance like the other ADHD medications (i.e., the stimulants), although it is a prescription drug. Unlike stimulants, refills can be provided on prescriptions. Side effects include: decreased appetite, upset stomach, nausea or vomiting, and fatigue. In addition, some of the most common side effects in adults are problems sleeping, dry mouth, dizziness, problems urinating (more so in males) and sexual side effects.
Other additional medications are sometimes used to treat the condition if stimulants don’t work completely or if the ADHD occurs with another disorder. These medications are not approved for the treatment of ADHD, yet many have been shown effective in at least some studies.
For example, clonidine (Catapres) and guanfacine (Tenex), medications normally used to treat hypertension, may be helpful in people with ADHD who have tics and/or insomnia as a result of ADHD medications or who experience aggression as part of their condition. Clonidine can be administered either by pill or skin patch and has different side effects than stimulants, including rash (from the patch), constipation,nervousness and sedation.
Other medications not FDA-approved for ADHD but that may be prescribed include the antidepressants nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl) and bupropion (Wellbutrin).
Antidepressants may temporarily increase risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior in people up to age 24, according to the FDA. Short-term studies in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder and other psychiatric disorders showed an increased risk of suicidal thoughts in those taking antidepressants, during the initial weeks of treatment. Although this effect is rare, anyone considering the use of an antidepressant in a child or adolescent must balance this risk with the need for the drug.
Also, health care professionals should observe their patients closely for any increased risk of suicide or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should also closely watch patients.
Medication won’t cure ADHD; it will just control the symptoms while you’re taking the medication. For instance, stimulants have only immediate benefits, so once a dose wears off that day, the symptoms return.
Also, although the medications may help you pay better attention to and complete your work, they can’t increase your knowledge or improve your (or your child’s) academic skills. As the expression goes, “Pills don’t teach skills.” The medications alone can’t make you feel better about yourself or cope with problems. These issues require other kinds of treatment and support.
Although ADHD primarily affects a person’s behavior and cognition, the disorder has broad emotional repercussions. Scolding is the only attention some people with ADHD ever get while growing up. They may have few positive experiences to build their sense of worth and competence. Facing the daily frustrations that can come with having ADHD can make people fear that they are strange, abnormal, lazy or stupid.
Often the cycle of frustration, blame and anger has gone on so long it becomes incorporated into one’s self-concept. In such cases, mental health professionals can help adolescents and adults with ADHD develop new skills, attitudes and ways of relating to other people. Often successful treatment will help a person separate the disorder (ADHD) and its symptoms/impairments from the individual and their innate strengths and potential.
In group counseling, people learn that they are not alone; other people with ADHD have similar experiences, and there are people who want to help. Support from group therapy can be complimented with individual therapy to address specific life issues. Very often, ADHD symptoms and inconsistent performance adversely affects personal relationships. Family and marital therapy with a professional aware of ADHD can be helpful in changing the communication pattern.
Several types of therapy are available, with different therapists preferring different approaches. Knowing something about the various types of interventions makes it easier to choose a therapist.
- Psychotherapy Psychotherapy works to assist individuals with minimal brain dysfunction like and settle for themselves despite their disorder. In psychotherapy, patients talk with the therapist about upsetting thoughts and feelings, explore self-defeating patterns of behavior and learn alternative ways to handle their emotions. As they speak, the therapist tries to help them understand how they can change. However, individuals managing minimal brain dysfunction typically wish to achieve management of their symptomatic behaviors a lot of directly. The following interventions can provide that kind of help..
- Behavior therapyinvolves providing parents with education about ADHD, teaching them to use regular and consistent rewards and punishments with their children and coordinating efforts with teachers at school. Indeed, for children and adolescents, behavior therapy and medication are the only two evidence-based interventions that consistently lead to improvement in symptoms and impairments.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps you work on immediate issues. Rather than serving to you perceive your feelings and actions, it supports you directly in changing your thoughts and behavior. The support may be sensible help, like learning to think through tasks and organize work or changing a repetitive negative thought pattern. Cognitive therapies have not been found to be very helpful for children and adolescents, but for adults, results are promising.
- Social skills traininghelps children and adults learn new behaviors, specifically social behaviors. Impulsive behavior can be intrusive and abrasive in interactions. In social skills training, the therapist discusses and models appropriate behaviors and helps the patient practice the new behavior. It is essential that clear limits are set in the social skills groups; otherwise, children may model maladaptive behaviors from one another.
- Support groups connect people who have common concerns. Many adults with minimal brain dysfunction and fogeys of kids with minimal brain dysfunction realize it helpful to hitch an area or national support cluster. Many teams handle problems with children’s disorders, and even minimal brain dysfunction specifically.
Ineffective or unproven alternative treatments
The following treatments have NOT been scientifically shown to be effective in treating people with ADHD:
- restricted diets (although recent studies from the United Kingdom do show small effects of certain food additives on hyperactive behavior)
- allergy treatments
- medicines to correct problems in the inner ear
- chiropractic adjustment and bone realignment
- treatment for yeast infection
- eye training
- special colored glasses
- herbal supplements
- essential fatty acids
- yoga and meditation
Neurofeedback, also known as biofeedback, is a promising intervention, not completely supported by definitive studies but with some recent investigations yielding support for improvements in attention and behavior.
Be cautious about pursuing complementary and alternative treatments that are not supported by scientific research and/or the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Although single positive studies usually receive media attention, it is important that such findings be replicated. Until sound, scientific testing shows a treatment to be effective, families risk spending time, money and hope on fads and false promises.
Managing Your Life as an Adult with ADHD
Here are some practical steps you can take to manage your life with ADHD from ADHD expert Kathleen Nadeau, PhD.
- Give yourself a break. High expectations are deeply ingrained in many women. Identify your strengths and perform those tasks. Identify your weakness and either find a compensatory skill or ask someone else to perform these tasks. Psychotherapy can help capitalize on strengths while limiting the impairments in areas of weakness.
- Educate your partner concerning minimal brain damage and the way it affects you. Your partner may be angry or resentful about a less-than-organized lifestyle. If your partner understands this as a disorder, he or she may be more understanding and accommodating. Reassign household responsibilities based on skill strength. Strategize how to make your life at home and work more accommodating
- Try to create an “ADHD-friendly” environment in your home and work. If you can approach your ADHD with acceptance and good humor, tensions will decrease and you’ll save more energy for the positive side of things.
- Simplify your life. Look for ways in which to scale back commitments therefore you are not continually ironed for time. Learn how to better prioritize tasks to avoid overcommitment.
- Choose supportive friends. Many women describe friends or neighbors whose houses are immaculate, whose children are always clean, neat and well-behaved and who make them feel terrible by comparison. Try to avoid situations that lead you to impossible expectations and negative comparisons.
- Build a support group for yourself. For example, ask a friend who understands your condition to keep you company while completing a task that is always difficult for you.
- Build in daily breaks. This is essential when you have ADHD, especially if you’re raising children. Make them routine so you do not ought to keep coming up with and juggling. For example, arrange for a regular babysitter several times a week.
- Eliminate and delegate. Look at things that you require of yourself at home or on the job. Can you eliminate some of these things? Can you hire someone to do some of them?
- Get help for premenstrual or menopausal symptoms. They may be severe in women with ADHD. Managing the destabilizing effects of your hormonal fluctuations is a critical part of managing your ADHD.
- Make lists and encourage different relations to list and record activities, responsibilities and events. Try to produce a central family calendar with all activities for everybody to envision. Online calendars may facilitate this. Avoid scattering information on multiple pieces of paper that can get lost.
- Create filing systems or organizational systems that work for you. Color coding folders is a fast visual way to identify what’s in them. Set up autopay for bills, provided you have money and won’t overdraw accounts. Don’t let yourself be overwhelmed at home or at the office by mountains of paperwork: sort, file or discard.
According to current medical analysis, there’s no famed thanks to forestall most hyperkinetic syndrome. There are some pre and post-natal risk factors that can be addressed: avoid alcohol and tobacco when pregnant, avoid a premature birth if possible and avoid lead exposure to the child.
Facts to Know
- It is estimated that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD) when present without hyperactivity, affects 8 percent of U.S. school-aged youngsters, in step with the Centers for illness management.
- Follow-up studies of children with ADHD find that the vast majority will continue to suffer impairments through adolescence, and 60 percent through adulthood. Many girls and women suffer the effects of ADHD and do not get the help they need.
- Once diagnosed, many ladies recall painful or troublesome childhood experiences at school that were doubtless caused by hyperkinetic syndrome, but at the time were attributed to laziness or lack of ability. Low self-esteem is the outcome of chronic criticism and is common among women with ADHD.
- ADHD, once referred to as hyperkinesis or marginal brain disfunction, is that the commonest medicine condition among youngsters. More than two times as many boys as girls are affected in childhood; however, in adults it’s almost equal proportions.
- ADHD can be mild, moderate or severe. An hyperkinetic syndrome designation is tougher to spot in ladies and women as a result of they have an inclination to be less active, less unmanageable and a lot of compliant than boys (though this is often not always the case). The absence of disruptive behavior can delay identification.
- ADHD has a very strong genetic component. Children who have a parent with ADHD or another mood or behavioral disorder are at an increased risk. Still, like alternative conditions with a robust genetic liability, the quality of life and the provision of strong parenting and quality schooling can greatly influence any long-term outcomes.
- Like all chronic medical conditions, there are no cures for ADHD. Treatment for ADHD may involve medication, behavioral/psychological counseling, educational interventions or a combination.
- Medication will facilitate to regulate the core symptoms: upset, impulsivity and basic cognitive process. But more often, there are other aspects of the problem that medication won’t alleviate. Even though hyperkinetic syndrome primarily affects a personality’s behavior and psychological feature, having the disorder has broad emotional repercussions.
- Currently, hyperkinetic syndrome may be a designation created in people that demonstrate chronic and chronic symptoms across variety of settings. Although individuals establish with a number of these symptoms at completely different times in their lives, hyperkinetic syndrome may be a disorder beginning in childhood that typically persists into adulthood. Childhood onset (or early adolescence, in the case of the inattentive type) is the cornerstone of the diagnosis. There is no such disorder as “adult-onset ADHD,” although some adults with this condition may not have been diagnosed as children.
- I have trouble focusing on tasks and often feel overwhelmed during times of extreme stress. Does this mean I have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)??Not necessarily. Stress can cause symptoms similar to ADHD, such as forgetfulness or feeling overwhelmed and disorganized. Reactions to fret square measure sometimes temporary and subside once stress subsides. These symptoms should not be confused with ADHD symptoms or behaviors, which are long lasting and persistent.
- Are bad parenting skills to blame for ADHD?No. hyperkinetic syndrome may be a advanced biology disorder that affects learning and behavior. Too much TV, poor home life, poor schools or teachers, food allergies or excess sugar do not cause ADHD. International research demonstrates the presence of ADHD in children regardless of culture and parenting. Still, how a family responds to their child’s ADHD may go a long way in shaping the child’s ultimate outcome. Biology is not destiny.
- Does ADHD only affect children? I think I recognize some symptoms in myselff.No. Until recent years, adults were not thought to have ADHD, so many adults with ongoing symptoms have never been diagnosed. There has been a recent increased awareness of adult ADHD, however. About half of children with ADHD continue to have impairments through adulthood. The recent awareness of adult hyperkinetic syndrome implies that many of us will finally be properly diagnosed and treated.
- What causes ADHDScientists are not sure what causes ADHD, although genetic and neurobiological factors are clearly involved. Health care professionals stress that because there is no known cause, it is far more important for a woman and her family to move forward with treatment and identify ways to manage her life style in areas plagued by hyperkinetic syndrome than to go looking for a cause.
- Can stimulant medications be abusedAlthough stimulant medications are recognized as a safe and effective treatment for ADHD when taken as prescribed, these medications, like many others, nonetheless do have the potential for abuse. Stimulant medication has been put-upon by individuals while not hyperkinetic syndrome. They take these medications to increase alertness and focus but also to gain a “high.” Substance abuse and dependence does not develop in people who take their medications as prescribed. You should discuss the risks and benefits of stimulant medication with your health care professional. If you have a history of substance or alcohol abuse, this should be discussed with your physician to choose the right course of treatment and medication.
- My relationship with my husband has suffered because of my ADHD. Is there anything I can do?Yes. as a result of adult ladies typically suffer for several years while not facilitate for his or her hyperkinetic syndrome, their personal relationships can become strained. Health care professionals usually recommend counseling for women and their families, along with medication treatments. A therapist can assist you and your family in finding better ways to deal with your ADHD and reduce the frustration of the non-ADHD spouse/family member.
- Is ADHD a learning disorder??No. hyperkinetic syndrome may be a specific medicine disorder that may occur with a synchronal disorder. Learning disorders don’t, in general, improve with medication. Intelligence and ADHD are separate entities. People with ADHD can have a broad range of IQs. Regardless of ratio, most hyperkinetic syndrome people feel pissed off at not living up to their potential thanks to the impairments.