Hypertonic sickness (hypertension) may be a sickness, characterised by high pressure level within the human vascular system. Hundreds of thousands of individuals within the world ar a lot of or less liable to this sickness.
Arterial hypertension is one of the most common pathologies of the cardiovascular system, which often becomes the reason of hospitalization. According to some knowledge, a periodical or perpetually high pressure level is determined in 15-25% of adult population.
Factors increasing the likelihood of hypertension
The circulatory system is closely connected to any or all tissues, systems and organs of the human body; thence, there is thousands of various causes of high vital sign. There is a range of factors, affecting the occurrence and progression of high blood pressure.
Over five hundredth of adult folks area unit at risk of numerous risk factors of hypertonic sickness. About 1/2 them have quite one issue, leading to that the sickness and dangerous consequences increase considerably.
The main causes of hypertension are:
- Age over 35 years
- Overweight or obesity
- Alcohol or nicotine consumption
- Stress and psychological stress
- Unbalanced diet
- Sedentary lifestyle
Symptoms and signs of high force per unit area could absent, however if you notice frequent headaches, noise within the ears or a robust heartbeat, then you wish to hunt medical facilitate. Many people have no idea that they suffer from hypertension.
Causes and consequences of high blood pressure
Without correct treatment, abnormal pressure level might harm numerous systems and organs of the body. The most sensitive components of the body ar muscular tissue, blood vessels, brain, eyes and kidneys. Strokes and renal failure are common as well.
The higher the pressure level, the tougher the work of heart to keep up a standard circulation of blood. If hypertension is not cured in time, the walls of the heart may get thicker and hypertrophy eventually.
The high pressure level will accelerate the formation of fat deposits on the walls of the blood vessels (atherosclerosis). The disease progression can cause clogging or destruction of the blood vessels.
Severe stages of the sickness might cause stroke, affecting the speech and memory. The high pressure level worsens the blood offer to the membrane, resulting in partial or complete loss of vision.
The hypertension treatment
The high blood pressure} treatment is usually geared toward eliminating the causes of the disease and social control of the force per unit area. The drug therapy of the disease may involve vasodilators, diuretics and sedative medications.
All medications must be adjusted individually and depend on the overall health of a patient. For individuals with cardiovascular disease, doctors bring down special diets that ar principally directed to the decrease in consumption of salt and liquids.
The lifestyle modification is one in all the foremost vital ways in which to regulate the force per unit area. If you are overweight, you should lose weight. Regardless of the high force per unit area causes, doctors suggest to stay a diet that’s low in fat and straightforward carbs.
The bar of the high force per unit area should involve a rise in physical activity. In addition, doctors suggest daily walking and a get enough sleep. Make sure you eat more fruit, vegetables, and drink skimmed milk. Cut down caffeine and alcohol.
To prevent hypertonic disease, it is very important to diagnose it as early as possible. A systematic management over the force per unit area is one in all the most strategies permitting to reveal the illness incidence.
People, having one or many risk factors, should constantly monitor their blood pressure rates. Blood pressure cuff (sphygmomanometer) helps to research the center work by many parameters.
You can obtain force per unit area cuff at a standard or on-line pharmacy. Depending on your goals causes of the illness, you’ll be able to opt for one form of the force per unit area cuff. To use modern sphygmomanometer, you don’t need any special knowledge or skills.