What is Bacteria???

Bacteria differ from viruses very much. First of all, they’re larger, second of all, they represent quite independent live organisms capable of self-reproducing if corresponding feeding is offered. Penetrating to an individual’s body, bound bacterium notice food and appropriate conditions for replica, and diseases ar appeared this fashion.

Before the XX century, the doctors’ fight against bacterial infections has not differed from fighting against infection virus: all their efforts were directed at help to an organism to cope with a disease. Fortunately, the possibilities of modern medicine are significantly increased. It was because of creation of many teams of medicines able to kill microbes with none vital damage to a personal. You, for sure, heard about these medications: antibiotics (Penicillin, Tetracycline, Gentamycin), sulfanilamides (Streptocide, Aethazolum, Biseptol) and etc.

Reading these words, the readers might imagine that microorganism infections ar treated a lot of easier, scrutiny to infection virus. But unfortunately, this is not like this. First of all, as a result of bacterium show unimaginable ability and because the doctors discover new medications, new species of well-known bacterium refractory to those antibiotics ar appeared (or most likely the drugs have an effect on bacterium for a brief amount of your time or not terribly effectively.) Second of all, constant microorganism diseases, for instance, pneumonia or meningitis, may be caused by hundreds different microbes and the doctors, sometimes, are not able to answer a question: “What is the reason?” and, accordingly, prescribe the correct antibiotic.

The world of bacterium is various, moreover because the diseases caused by bacterium ar numerous and various. Bacteria differ from each other in the sizes, structure, reproductive abilities. The conditions appropriate for his or her traditional existing ar numerous. Some microorganism ar spherical, they are named cocci (staphylococcus, pneumococcus, streptococcus, meningococcus, gonococcus,) others are oblong, they are named rods (dysenteric bacillus, pertussis and colon bacillus).

Bacteria have outgrowth, flagellum, and cilium. In distinction to viruses, bacteria are not characterized by selective lesion of certain human body parts.

However, each being has own “preferences.” So, dysenteric eubacteria is developed within the intestine, respiratory illness agent is developed within the animal tissue cells of the metabolic process tracts, meningococcus agent is developed in the arachnoid membrane. Staphylococcus could cause Associate in Nursing inflammatory method anyplace on the skin, in bones, in lungs, and in intestines, and etc.

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