Symptoms of high blood pressure
Hypertension is one of the common diseases of cardiovascular system. Symptoms of high blood pressure area unit ascertained more or less in half-hour of adult population. The prevalence of hypertension is up to 50-65% in people over 65 years.
Hypertension may be a chronic sickness, its main symptom is inflated vital sign. Herewith, high blood pressure is not a symptom of diseases of other organs and systems. Blood pressure is one of the most important indicators, characterizing the circulatory system work. High vital sign indicates to the disorder of central regulation of tube tone and heart operate.
High vital sign is dangerous as a result of it’s going to not in the course of symptoms and detected by accident once measurement vital sign. In some cases symptoms of high vital sign include: headache, dizziness, inflated fatigue, tinnitus, sleep disorder.
Symptoms of high vital sign could seem from time to time and for an extended time person might not apprehend that he has high vital sign. Therefore, folks typically intercommunicate professionals solely in severe varieties of high vital sign. In severe form of high blood pressure, main symptoms are also include: chest pain; visual deterioration; pain in the heart; tachycardia, swelling of the limbs and face.
It is recommended to see a doctor in the first symptoms of high blood pressure. Because high vital sign will cause the event of such complications, as: heart failure; stroke; heart attack; visual impairment; nephropathy. Thus, it will be difficult to treat high blood pressure.
For most folks, etiology of high vital sign symptoms remains unknown. When reasons of high vital sign can not be determined, primary hypertension is diagnosed. Risk factors of primary high blood pressure area unit thought of to be: genetic predisposition to high blood pressure; stress; excess weight, inactive lifestyle; alcohol abuse; tobacco smoking; age.
When reason of high vital sign becomes pathology of nervous or endocrine systems; renal disorder, hypertension is diagnosed. Secondary hypertension additionally includes symptoms of high vital sign, occurring throughout physiological condition and once victimization some medicines.
It ought to be noted that in spite of high vital sign reasons, they cause discomfort to someone and violate his operating capability. Therefore, within the 1st symptoms of high vital sign, it ought to be measured. To assess vital sign level, it should be measured on both hands at least twice at interval of not less than one minute.
Blood pressure is taken into account high if it’s higher than 140/90 mm Hg. Depending on vital sign level, there area unit 3 degrees of high blood pressure. In the 1st high blood pressure degree, blood pressure increases from 140/90 mm Hg up to 160/100 mm Hg. In the second degree of high blood pressure, indicators of blood pressure are equal to 160/100 mm Hg – 180/110 mm Hg. In the examination of high blood pressure, blood pressure exceeds 180/110 mm Hg.
Main purpose of hypertension therapy is a reduction of blood pressure. Hypertension medical aid is additionally geared toward the decrease of risk factors, contributing to high blood pressure, slowdown the symptoms progression of high blood pressure and treatment of related diseases.
Hypertension treatment is directed at lowering of vital sign to but 140/90 mmHg. If the therapy is well-tolerated and does not cause complications, it is advisable to reduce blood pressure to a lower level. It ought to be noted that it’s tough to realize vital sign level not up to 140/90 mm Hg in older patients and in patients with connected diseases (cardiovascular system, diabetes) in antihypertensive therapy.
When selecting medicine, it’s suggested to assess medical aid potency, attainable facet effects and blessings of medicine in bound clinical things. When prescribing antihypertensive drug, some factors are recommended to take into account: the presence of risk factors; target organs damage; related diseases; patient’s clinical state; drug interactions.
In modern clinical practice for reduction of high blood pressure symptoms five classes of antihypertensive drugs are used:
* angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (Captopril; Lisinopril; Fosinopril);
* AT1 receptor blockers (Eprosartan; Valsartan; Losartan);
* calcium antagonists (Verapamil, Diltiazem, Amlodipine);
* beta-blockers (Propranolol, Metoprolol, Carvedilol);
* diuretics (Hydrochlorothiazide; Indapamide; Chlorthalidone).
Combination therapy with alpha-blockers, imidazoline receptor agonists and direct renin inhibitors are prescribed in severe cases of hypertension.
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